Middle Arm Sustainable Development Precinct

The Middle Arm Sustainable Development Precinct is a Whole of Government project led by Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Logistics. The Land Development Corporation is a partner in the project and is developing the Kittyhawk and Spitfire Estate.


The Northern Territory Government is working with industry and the Australian Government to transform Middle Arm into a globally competitive, sustainable precinct with a focus on low emission, renewable hydrogen, carbon capture storage and minerals processing. Middle Arm is already home to a globally significant liquefied natural gas (LNG) export hub, with the Santos-led Darwin LNG and INPEX-led Ichthys LNG onshore processing facilities currently operational. Further development of Middle Arm into a globally competitive, sustainable precinct provides critical growth opportunities for the Territory, and is supported by:

  • untapped proven gas reserves offshore and a world-class shale gas resource onshore
  • highly prospective geological storage to sequester carbon dioxide emissions
  • critical minerals reserves including copper, lithium, vanadium, rare earths, tungsten and cobalt
  • access to renewable energy sources
  • established construction, logistics and operations capability
  • proximity to international markets.

Located on the Middle Arm Peninsula, the estate will provide a variety of lot sizes for sale or lease, to accommodate a diverse range of new and emerging industries including:

  • minerals processing
  • carbon capture utilisation and storage
  • utilities
  • logistics
  • commercial industries.

Prioritising development of the Middle Arm Sustainable Development Precinct enables the Territory to capitalise on its world-class natural resources, to create substantial long-term employment opportunities, population and economic growth, and capitalise on the growing global demand for decarbonised energy and supply chains.

Find out more on the Middle Arm Sustainable Development Precinct project website.

Why now?

Manufacturing and exports are two key ways in which the Territory will future proof our community and economy.

Darwin is now a globally significant liquefied natural gas (LNG) export hub, supplying more than 10 percent of Japan and Taiwan’s annual global gas imports.

Currently generating in exports more than a fifth of the Territory’s Gross State Product, this industry has the capacity to grow, the timing of which depends on domestic and international demand and the development of new prospective sources of onshore gas resources and existing offshore gas reserves and infrastructure.

The Middle Arm Sustainable Development Precinct meets a number of objectives that have been identified in helping the Territory recover and rebuild for a better future – as articulated in the Territory Economic Reconstruction Commission report:

  • Create jobs in the near, medium and long term
  • Attract private investment
  • Support current and emerging industries
  • Build on the Territory’s competitive advantages
  • Unlock the potential of the Territory’s regions.


Precinct planning

Precinct planning

Development of the draft sustainable development precinct master plan is a key priority identified in the Territory Economic Reconstruction Committee Final Report recommendations.

Whole of precinct planning is a proven approach to lower investment risk, accelerate decision making and capture market conditions to support positioning the Territory as the place where doing business is efficient and streamlined.

Precinct planning also makes it easy for investors to collaborate in the accelerated development of Middle Arm as a globally competitive, low emissions precinct through activities including:

  • Mapping the industrial ecology that will create the greatest value
  • Environmental and marine studies, baseline assessments and stakeholder engagement
  • Planning for common-use and enabling infrastructure
  • Supporting ecosystem readiness, including ability to maintain unconstrained land, zoning regulations, tenure options and a holistic approach to environmental approvals
  • Supporting investment decisions by identifying optimal partners, funding and incentive opportunities
  • Delivering service supports to welcome investment and demonstrate the Territory is prepared, engaged and ready to support the development of Middle Arm
  • Leading commercial activation to enable downstream investment, driven by demand considerations, including cost-benefit and competitive advantages.

Land and infrastructure

Land and infrastructure

The circa 1500-hectare Middle Arm peninsula, was first identified as a future industry area in 1984 as part of the Darwin Regional Land Use Plan.

The precinct has an extensive product corridor network for the transmission of utilities, gas, feedstock and products. All lots will be serviced with power, water and communications infrastructure. There is also potential for high and low pressure gas to be reticulated throughout the estate.  

With gas feedstock being supplied through product corridors, high and low pressure gas availability throughout the estate will support co-location of various downstream manufacturing proponents.

Industries will also be connected to key supporting infrastructure including two power stations on Channel Island and Weddell, well situated to service the requirements of future occupants and their operations. 

Domestically and globally significant, the precinct’s design will be adaptable to emerging industries.

Darwin is linked by a transcontinental rail service, national highway, international airport, and is home to an oil and gas research, innovation and training centre.


Environmental planning

Environmental considerations are paramount in the development of the Middle Arm Sustainable Development Precinct. Baseline investigations are underway, including identifying plant and animal biodiversity, marine environmental values, and air and water quality data to inform planning to protect environmental values during any future development.

Other investigations will include determining industry requirements, infrastructure marine, geotechnical and services assessments and marine navigation investigations.

The project will also be referred to the Northern Territory Environmental Protection Authority, as required under the Northern Territory Environmental Protection Act 2019.

A key component of the development of the draft master plan will be a robust approach to engaging and collaborating with affected stakeholders. This process will begin shortly and will continue throughout the project lifecycle to inform planning activities and to ensure meaningful and effective engagement for all stakeholders.

Community engagement

The Territory Government will ensure consultation and engagement is extensive, inclusive and thorough and is also committed to delivering a deliberative approach to involving the community in informing feasibility of the Middle Arm Sustainable Development Precinct. The Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Logistics is leading community consultation and engagement during the feasibility stage and will be delivering continuous information as well as opportunities for people to connect and become involved.

Some of these opportunities will include meetings, presentations, workshops and focus groups and digital communication, and the community will be given the opportunity to be involved at various stages.

Interested stakeholders can email: Contact.MASDP@nt.gov.au to register their interest in the community engagement process.


Kittyhawk Estate Stage 1, Middle Arm Sustainable Development Precinct is now titled. Stage 1 comprises of 3…

Current residents

Existing facilities

Currently in development

Current investment


Santos Darwin LNG

The leading Australian oil and gas exploration and production company in the Northern Territory.

Middle Arm Industrial Precinct 7

Inpex Ichthys LNG Darwin

Ichthys LNG produces 8.9 million tonnes of LNG and 1.65 million tonnes of LPG per annum.

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